Calving Pasture.

Calving Pasture.
Ideally, during the right season of the year, cows should calve out on pasture. There should be shade and no bodies of low standing water in which the calf can drown. A catch pen is essential if assistance needs to be provided. The latter should be equipped with a source of clean water, cover against the weather and a light source for night time deliveries. The pasture should be large enough to keep it from becoming a contaminated mud hole with repeated use.

Drost M (2009)