Partial Delivery - Schistosoma Reflexum.
Cow in the process of delivering a calf with Schistosoma reflexum. The extra-abdominal viscera of the fetal monster protrude from the vulva. The gauge of the fetal intestines readily distinguish them from potential maternal viscera. The ankylosed vertebral column frequently makes a vaginal delivery, without the benefit of a partial fetotomy, difficult.
Roberts SJ (1973)